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Zoology and Branches of Zoology – Study of Animals

What is Zoology:

Zoology is the very comprehensive filed of science which is a part of biology also known as animal biology and it is an organized study particularly dedicated to learning of animal kingdoms, animal life in overall like animals structure, embryology, evolution, mannerisms, facts, identification, classification, habitats, biogeography study of animals from tiny insects to large animals with experimental and comparative animal study how they interrelate with ecosystem and their life cycle and study the variety of various animals that exists and have existed and also discovers the research of animals.

History of Zoology:

Zoology us derived from Greek word and zoology is invented by Conrad Gesner the concept of zoology as a single comprehensible field ascended much advanced, the zoological sciences emerged from natural history success back to the biological works of Aristotle and Galen in the ancient Greco-Roman world passed the knowledge of animal behaviour to increase the chances of survival in future from pre scientific zoology.

Branches of zoology:

There are many branches of zoology as the study of this subject is transferred from ancient times many zoologist studied different branches of zoology. Below are the branches of zoology.

Branches of zoology with their Study:

Branches of ZoologyStudy
Acarology – study of mites and ticks
Arachnology study of spiders, scorpions, pseudoscorpions, and harvestmen, collectively called arachnids
Arthropodology study of arthropods as a whole
Entomologystudy of insects
Coleopterology study of beetles
Lepidopterology study of butterflies
Melittology study of Bees
Myrmecology study of ants
Orthopterology study of grasshoppers
Herpetology study of amphibians and reptiles
Batrachology study of amphibians including frogs and toads, salamanders, newts, and caecilians
Cheloniology study of turtles and tortoises
Ichthyology study of fish
Malacology study of mollusks
Conchology study of shells
Teuthology study of cephalopods
Mammalogy study of mammals
Cetology study of cetaceans
Myriapodologystudy of milli- and centipedes
Ornithology study of birds
Parasitology study of parasites, their hosts, and the relationship between them
Helminthology parasitic worms (helminths)
Planktology – study of plankton, various small drifting plants, animals and microorganisms that inhabit bodies of water
Primatology study of primates
Protozoologystudy of protozoan, the “animal-like” (i.e., motile and heterotrophic) protists
Nematologystudy of nematodes (roundworms)
Comparative Zoology Comparative
Soil Zoology Study of Soil
Animal physiology study of how animals work, and investigates the biological processes 
Behavioural Ecology study of behavioural interactions between individuals within populations and communities
Ethology scientific study of animal behaviour
Invertebrate and vertebrate zoology Study of Invertebrates and Vertebrates

Branches of Zoology by nature of studies

Below are the branches of Zoology by the nature of studies are mentioned below:

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Branches of Zoology By NatureStudy
Anthrozoology study of interaction between humans and other animals
Behavioral ecology Study of environmental effects on animal behaviors
Endocrinologystudy of endocrine systems
Paleozoology the branch of Paleontology that studies animal remains
Neuroethology study of animal behavior and its underlying mechanistic control by the nervous system
Ethology study of animal behaviour, usually with a focus on behaviour under natural conditions, and viewing behaviour as an evolutionarily adaptive trait
Zooarchaeology study of animal remains in relation to ancient people

Progressively zoology prolonged and extended beyond Huxley’s comparative anatomy to include the following sub-disciplines:

BranchStudy
Zoography also known as descriptive zoology, is the applied science of describing animals and their habitats
Comparative anatomy studies the structure of animals
Animal physiology

Behavioral ecology


Invertebrate zoology

Vertebrate zoology
Soil zoology

Taxonomy of Animalia:

  • Kingdom: Animalia
    • Subkingdom Parazoa
    • Porifera (sponges)
    • Placozoa
  • Subkingdom Eumetazoa
    • Radiata (unranked)
      • Ctenophora (comb jellies)
      • Cnidaria
      • Trilobozoa
    • Bilateria (unranked)
      • Acoelomorpha
      • Tullimonstrum
      • Proarticulata
      • Mesozoa (unranked)
        • Orthonectida
        • Rhombozoa
        • Monoblastozoa
      • Nephrozoa (unranked)
        • Chaetognatha
        • Superphylum Deuterostomia
          • Chordata
          • Hemichordata
          • Echinodermata
          • Xenoturbellida
          • Vetulicolia
        • Protostomia (unranked)
          • Superphylum Ecdysozoa
            • Kinorhyncha
            • Loricifera
            • Priapulida
            • Nematoda (nematodes)
            • Nematomorpha
            • Onychophora
            • Tardigrada
            • Arthropoda – includes insects, arachnids (spiders), myriapods, and crustaceans (crabs, lobsters, etc.)
          • Superphylum Platyzoa
            • Platyhelminthes
            • Gastrotricha
            • Rotifera
            • Acanthocephala
            • Gnathostomulida
            • Micrognathozoa
            • Cycliophora
          • Superphylum Lophotrochozoa
            • Sipuncula
            • Hyolitha
            • Nemertea
            • Phoronida
            • Bryozoa
            • Entoprocta
            • Brachiopoda
            • Mollusca
            • Annelida

Concepts of Zoology:

  • taxonomy
  • clade
  • monophyly
  • polyphyly
  • speciation
  • isolating mechanisms
  • species
    • phenetic species
    • biological species
    • recognition species
    • ecological species
    • pluralistic species

Importance of zoology:

Zoology is all about studying about animal kingdom and animal science and facts of animals which helps everyone to understand the behaviour and survival rate and understand how animals responds with human beings with natural rehabilitation and breeding, raises awareness of endangered, interaction between animals environment and humans which makes more important and different in our living world life cycle.

Who are the Top Zoologists:

Here are the few of Notable Zoologists below:

  • Louis Agassiz (malacology, ichthyology)
  • Aristotle
  • Pierre Joseph Bonnaterre
  • Archie Carr (herpetology, esp. cheloniology)
  • Eugenie Clark (ichthyology)
  • Jeff Corwin (most animals)
  • Georges Cuvier (founder of comparative morphology)
  • Charles Darwin (formulated modern theory of evolution)
  • Richard Dawkins (ethology)
  • Dian Fossey (primatology)
  • Birutė Galdikas (primatology)
  • Jane Goodall (primatology)
  • Victor Hensen (planktology)
  • Libbie Hyman (invertebrate zoology)
  • Steve Irwin (herpetology)
  • William Kirby (father of entomology)
  • Hans-Wilhelm Koepcke (ornithology, herpetology)
  • Carl Linnaeus (father of systematics)
  • Konrad Lorenz (ethology)
  • David W. Macdonald (wild mammals)
  • Ernst Mayr (evolutionary biologist)
  • Desmond Morris (ethology)
  • Richard Owen (proposed archetypes for major groups of organisms)
  • Roger Tory Peterson (ornithology)
  • William Emerson Ritter (marine biology)
  • Thomas Say (entomology)
  • Jakob von Uexküll (animal behavior, invertebrate zoology)
  • E. O. Wilson (entomology, founder of sociobiology)

Lists of Zoology

  • Lists of animals
  • Ant genera (alphabetical)
    • British ant species (common names)
    • Non-endemic ant species introduced to Great Britain and Ireland
    • Myrmecology topics
  • Amblypygid genera
  • Birds
    • Santa Cruz County, California
    • Sibley-Monroe Checklist:
  • Domesticated animals
  • Cat breeds
  • Dog breeds
  • Freshwater aquarium fish species
  • Horse breeds
  • Marine reptiles
  • Externally visible animal parts
  • Endangered species in the U.S.
  • Category:Lists of individual animals
Why is zoology important?

Zoology play an important role in Important Role to Study Human Development also in research study