What are Branches of Zoology and Sub Branches?
Biology includes 3 major branches, Botany, Zoology and Microbiology. Zoology is the branch of biology which deals with the study of animals and animal life which includes the study of structures, behavior, development and classifications. Many scientists invented the evolution of living organisms long time ago the study of evolution had led to the study of life cycle of organisms and the survival strategies according to the change in the environment and it states that the organisms change their behavior as the environment changes from egg to butterfly. The word Biology is coined by French biologist named Lamarck in 1809 year which means the study of living organisms. This various branches of science which deals with all aspects of animal life have several sub branches of zoology. Let’s see them in detail below.
What Are Three Major Braches of Zoology?
Three main branches of zoology are Zoology, Botany and Microbiology.
Sub Branches of Zoology:
1- Taxonomy – which is the speculation and live out and practice of identification, nomenclature and classification of organisms. Taxonomy is coined by A. P. de Candolle.
1- External Morphology
2- Internal Morphology
Branches of Zoology Related to Medical Science:
Zoology is the biological discipline that involves the study of animals. Including groups of invertebrate and vertebrate groups, Aquatic Science, Ecology, Fisheries and Wildlife, Entomology and Parasitology and Various other supportive disciplines are studied in the department and also branches of zoology below here are described which are related to medical science divided.
- Bacteriology=study of bacteria.
- Immunology=Study of defense and resistance against any diseases.
- Endocrinology=study of endocrine glands and hormones.
- Helminthology= Study of helminthes Parasites.
- Virology= Study of virus causing diseases.
- Enzymology= Study of enzymes.
- Parasitology= Study of parasites.
- Epidemiology=Study of epidemic diseases.
- Cardiology=Study of heart.
- Hematology=Study of blood.
- Oesteology=Study of bones.
- Oesteology=Study of bones.
Branches of Zoology List:
Acarology: Study of tick and mites
Actinobiology / Radiobiology Study of effects of radiations on living organisms
Aerobiology Study of flying organisms
Andrology Study of male reproductive organs
Angiology Study of blood vessels
Anthropology Study of human races
Apiculture Rearing of honey bees
Apiology Study of honey bees
Aquaculture Culturing of aquatic organisms
Araneology Study of spiders
Arthrology Study of joints
Bacteriology Study of bacteria
Batracology Study of rays and skates
Biochemistry Study of chemistry of living organisms
Bioclimatology Study of effect of climate on distribution of organisms
Biodynamics Biology dealing with energetics of organisms
Biometry Application of mathematics in living organisms
Biophysics Study of physical principles of living organisms
Biostatistics Application of statics in living organisms
Carcinology Study of crustaceans
Cardiology Study of heart
Chiropterology Study of bats
Chondrology Study of cartilage
Cnidology Study of cnidarians
Conchology Study of molluscan
Craniology Study of cranium
Cryobiology Study of life at low temperature
Ctetology Study of acquired characters of plants and animals
Demography Study of populations
Dermatology Study of skin
Entomology Study of insects
Epidemiology Study of epidemic diseases
Ethology Study of animal behaviors
Etiology Study of origin of disease
Eugenics Study of improvement of human races by the application of genetic laws
Euphenics / Medical engineering Study of improvement of human races by altering protein synthesis in the cell
Euthenics Study of improvement of human race by providing better conditions
Exobiology Study of life in the other plants
Gerentology Study of aging in man
Gnatobiology Study of germ free living organisms
Gynaecology Study of female reproductive system
Haematology Study of blood
Heiminthology Study of Helminths
Herpetology Study of frogs
Ichnology Study of foot prints
Ichthyology study of molluscan shells
Immunology Study of immune systems in the body and antigen-antibody reactions
Laryngology Study of larynx
Lepidopterology Study of butterflies
Limnology Study of life in fresh water bodies
Malcology Study of molluscs
Mammology Study of mammals
Mastology Study of breasts
Microbiology Study of micro-organism (viruses and bacteria)
Myrmecology Study of ants
Neonatology Study of newly born organisms
Neontology Study of recently formed organisms
Nephrology Study of nephrons
Nidology Study of bird nests
Odontology Study of teeth and gums
Onchology Study of cancer
Ontogeny Study of history of an individual
Ophilogy study of snakes
Ophthalmology Study of eyes
Organology Study of organs
Ornithology study of birds
Osteology Study of bones
Otology Study of ear
Parazoology Study of sponges
Pedology Study of soil
Phenology Study of seasonal behaviours flowering in plants, migrations in animals
Phrenology Study of brain and its working
Phylogeny Study of racial history
Pisciculture Culturing of fishes
Pleurology Study of lungs
Protozoology Study proto-zoans
Psychology Study of human mind
Renology Study of kidneys
Rhinology Study of nose
Sarcology or myology Study of muscles
Saurology study of lizars
Sericulture Rearing of silk worms
Serology Study of serum
Sonology Study of wounds
Splanchnology Study of visceral organs
Syndesmology Study of joints and ligaments
Tectology Study of structural organisation of body
Teleology Study of interpretations of structures in terms of utility and purpose
Teratology Study of abnormal
Torpedology Study of fishes
Traumatology Embryos (terats)
Trichology Study of hair
Urology Study of excretory system
Veterinary science Study of hearing
Virology Study of viruses
Wormiculture / vermiculture Rearing of worms.
Zymology / Enzymology Study of domestic animals.